The Beautifull Temples form Indonesia
Mendut background is a Buddhist temple. This temple is situated in the village Mendut, Mungkid district, Magelang regency, Central Java, a few kilometers from Borobudur temple.
Period of manufactureMendut temple ruins before restoration, 1880. Mendut founded during the reign of King Indra of the dynasty dynasty. In the inscription Karangtengah which chronicle 824 AD, mentioned that the king Indra has built a shrine called wenuwana which means bamboo forests. By a Dutch archaeologist named J.G. de Casparis, this word is associated with Mendut.
Temple architectureBuilding materials is actually a brick temple that is covered with natural stone. The building is located on a basement high, so it looks more elegant and sturdy.
Stairs up and the entrance facing southwest. Above the basement there is a hallway that surrounds the temple. The roof is three-tiered and decorated with small stupas. The number of small stupas built today is 48 pieces. Building height is 26.4 meters.
Decoration on the temple Mendut
Three statues in the temple Mendut, Dhyani Buddha statues enclosed Wairocana Boddhisatwa Awalokiteswara and Wajrapani.
Decoration found on temple ornaments Mendut be intermittent. Decorated with carvings of celestial beings and gods gandarwa apsaras or angel, two monkeys and an eagle.
On both sides of the stairs there are reliefs Pancatantra and Jataka stories.Hariti.
The temple walls are decorated with Boddhisatwa among Awalokiteswara, Maitreya, Wajrapāṇi and Manjusri. On the walls there are reliefs kalpataru temple body, two angels, Hariti (a yaksi who repent and then follow the Buddha) and Āţawaka.Buddha in a position dharmacakramudra.
Inside the main temple there were three huge Buddha statues: the Dhyani Buddha Wairocana with the attitude of hands (mudra) dharmacakramudra. In front of the statue of Buddha there are wheel-shaped relief and flanked by a pair of deer, the symbol of Buddha.
On the left there is a statue Awalokiteswara (Padmapāņi) and the right of the statue Wajrapāņi. Now in front of Buddha statues, incense and incense placed baskets to donate. The visitors could spark an incense and pray here.
Chronology of discovery
* 1836 - Found and cleaned
* 1897 - 1904 feet and the body of the temple repaired, but the results are less satisfactory.
* 1908 - Corrected by Theodoor van Erp. The peak can be rearranged.
* 1925 - a number of stupas rearranged.
Below are detailed some relief talks will be presented.
Relief 1 (Brahmin and a crab)
In these reliefs there are paintings of animal stories or fables known from Pancatantra or Jataka. The full story is presented below:
So is a Brahmin who comes from the underworld and named Dwijeswara. He was very fond of all sorts of animals.
Then walk him to pray at the mountain and met with a crab on top of the mountain named Astapada, brought in his clothes. Then the Brahmin said: "I will bring to the river, because I felt sorry for." Then she began to walk and met with a hall resting on the riverbank. Then remove the crab by the Brahmin. The Astapada was relieved of his heart. While the Brahmin rest in these halls. He slept with Grace, her comfortable.
Is a snake who was friends with a crow and a threat to the Brahmin. Then the serpent said to his friend the crow: "If anyone comes here to sleep, tell me, I was his prey."
The crow saw the Brahmin sleeping on the couch. Immediately out of the snake he said: "I want to prey on his comrade." That's their deal.
The crab brought in by the Brahmin heard. Then said the crab in my heart: "Alas, the terrible evil crows and snakes. Equally bad behavior. "Occurred to him that the crabs are indebted to the Brahmin.
He wants to pay off his debts, he thought. "There is a trick, I'd be friends with both." Then said the crab, "the second O my friend, will kupanjangkan your neck, so that more delicious if you want to prey on the Brahmin." - "I agree with your suggestion, do quickly."
That said the crow and the snake both. Second-hand both of them join their necks and disupit on the side here and there by the crab and the two immediately broke instantly. Death to the crows and the serpent.
Relief 2 (geese and turtles)
In these reliefs there are paintings of animal stories or fables known from Pancatantra or Jataka. The full story is presented below. But the story is presented below is somewhat different version of the painting on this relief:
There are turtles residing in the lake Kumudawati. The lake was very scenic, much tunjungnya beranekawarna, there is a white, red and (lotus) blue.
There gander female, wandering foraging in the lake water Kumudawati the origin of the lake Manasasara. the name of the goose, the Cakrangga (name) gander, the Cakranggi (name) a female goose. They were together living in the lake Kumudawati.
Then it is lamalah friends with a tortoise. The Durbudi (name) the male, while the Kacapa (name) of the females.
Then it almost came to the dry season. The water in the dry lake Kumudawati. [Both] geese, the Cakrangga and the Cakranggi then said goodbye to their friend the tortoise; the Durbudi and the Kacapa. He said:
"O our friend excused himself to go from here. We want to go from here, because the water in the lake dried up. Especially before the season we kuasalah kemarau.Tidak far from water. That's why we want to fly from here, fled to a lake in the mountains Himawan named Manasasana. Very pure water is clear and deep. Do not dry out even though the dry season. That's where our goal comrades. "So said the turtle-kurapun angsa.Maka the answer, he said:
"Ah friend, our great love to you, now you're leaving us, trying to own your life.
Is not (the situation) as we with you, not far from the water? Wherever you go we will go, in joy and your sorrow. This is the result of our friendship with you.
Swan replied: "Well turtles. We no sense. There are wood, pagutlah ye middle of it, we'll bite the tip here and there with my wife. There is strong we'll bring you fly, [just] do not loose your bite, and again do not talk. All that we overcome as long as we fly you later, you should not be reprimanded as well. If anyone asked nor answered. That's what you should do, do not obey our word. If you do not comply with our instructions will not work you get to the destination, will end up dead. "So it is said the goose.
Then bitten by the middle of the wood by the tortoise, the tip and base pecked by a goose, there and here, the men chant, right kiri.Segera carried by geese flying, would wander into the lake Manasasara, the destination he had hoped. Has much to fly them, arrived on the field Wilanggala.
So is the male and female dogs who take shelter under a mango tree. Nohan The name of the male dog, the name of the female Babyan. So mendongaklah the female dog, saw the geese fly, they both fly the tortoise. Then he said. "O my father, behold, there it is very unlikely. Turtles are flown by a pair of swans! "Then the male dog answered:" It is impossible words. Since when there is a turtle that was brought by the geese fly? Not a turtle but dry buffalo dung, nests gift of the Karu! Presents for children geese, there it is! "So said the male dog.
There came the words of the dog by the tortoise, his inner angry. Bergetarlah mouth because it is considered dry buffalo dung, nests gift of Karu.
Then the gaping mouth of the turtle, wood bitten off fell to the ground and then eaten by the male wolves and geese betina.Si shame not complied with his advice. Then they proceeded to the lake Manasasara drift.
Relief 3 (Dharmabuddhi and Dustabuddhi)
This story about two friends children the merchants. One day Dharmabuddhi find the money and told his friend Dustabuddhi. Then they both hid the money under a tree. Whenever they needed money, Dharmabuddhi take part and share fairly.
But Dustabuddhi not satisfied and one day take all the money left. He then accused Dharmabuddhi and dragged him to court. But Dustabuddhi finally caught and punished.
Relief 4 (Two parrots are different)
This relief depicts the story of two brothers but different parrot behavior because one is educated by a highwayman. While that one by a priest.
Mendut Buddhist monastery, Buddha statue Japanese donation.
Just beside the temple there Mendut Mendut Buddhist monastery. This former monastery is a Catholic monastery that later divided up his land to the people in the 1950s.
Then the people's lands are purchased by a foundation built Buddhist temples and above. In this monastery there are dormitories, places of worship, parks, and several statues of Buddha. Some of these are contributions from Japan.(www.lintasdaerah.com)